Birth Control – Introduction

Recently I participated for a pre-marriage counselling program and physical relationship after marriage was discussed as a topic of the program. However there was no enough time to cover the everything and as a result I started reading on the topic, focusing on the birth control techniques. Then I decided to share my findings with my readers hoping it would be helpful.

Birth controlling has started since many couples are not eager to except what god gives them as it is. The main idea behind is to avoid unexpected pregnancy.

However to achieve that goal there are two methods available, one is natural birth control and the other is artificial  methods.

Effectivenessofcontraceptives
“Effectivenessofcontraceptives” by Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons

Pills, condoms, surgeries fall under artificial methods. Other than wearing condoms, the other artificial methods are having side effects more or less and may be directly cause for infertility. Therefore it is good to keep those methods away as much as possible.

However it is good to know some theory behind.

Ovary, in female reproductive system releases eggs at a rate of nearly once a month (menstrual cycle). A female has two  ovarys where eggs releases alternately. Then the egg is traveled through the Fallopian tube to womb. The approximated travel time is 1-2 days through the Fallopian tube from the time the egg is released. For a successful pregnancy, a sperm should meet the egg while the egg is in the Fallopian tube. If such happened then the reproductive system generates hormones that signal the brain and command to ready for a pregnancy. The brain adopt the changes and stops releasing eggs since the message has been already delivered about the pregnancy.

When using pills the above natural process is simulated with the help of chemicals. Therefore with no eggs the chance of getting pregnant get low. However there is no easy and fast recovery when taking pills is terminated. That is why those pills can be lead to permanent infertility or disorders.

Following video explains well about release of the egg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nLmg4wSHdxQ

While the pills changes the hormone structure, surgeries block eggs and sperm contacting each other. Like blocking the Fallopian tube and etc. Condoms and other wearing protections do the same but they do not interfere internally or chemically.

Therefore when artificial methods are concerned, there are two folds. What is the safest and side effect free method. There is a scale for it. Known as Pearl Index [1].

While my preference is always lies with wearing condoms as the one and only artificial birth control method you can refer to the “Comparison of birth control methods”[2] and get to know more.

** Please bear mind that I am not a medical practitioner and this is no any medical advice, please refer to family planning consultant for more reliable information.

Reference

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_Index

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_birth_control_methods

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